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Employment discrimination laws exist on both the federal and state levels. These laws exist to protect your rights as an employee and prohibit employers from treating you differently based on attributes unrelated to job performance. If you have been discriminated against at work, then your employer has broken the law and you have a case against them.
Federal Laws Prohibiting Job Discrimination
The federal government has enacted numerous laws seeking to prevent discrimination. These laws prohibit employers from many different types of discrimination. The following is a list of the laws prohibiting discrimination in the workplace starting in 1963:
- Equal Pay Act of 1963: The EPA prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex. When men and women perform work of similar skill, effort, and responsibility for the same employer under similar working conditions, they each are entitled to equal pay under the law.
- Civil Rights Act of 1964: Title VII prohibits discriminating against individuals in the workplace because of their race, color, national origin, religion, or sex.
- Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967: The ADEA protects individuals who are forty (40) years of age or older from discrimination in the workplace on the basis of their age.
- Title I and Title V of Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990: The ADA prohibits discrimination in the workplace against individuals with disabilities in the private sector and in the state and local governments.
- Civil Rights Act of 1991: The CRA of 1991 provides additional protection to individuals who were initially protected under the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It modified some procedural and substantive rights, including now allowing a trial by jury on discrimination claims and expanded possible damages to include emotional distress and punitive damages in the case of intentional acts of discrimination.
- Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993: The FMLA provides individuals job-protected, unpaid leave for medical and family reasons whether it is for having a baby or if a close family member suffers a major medical event. Individuals must have been employed at least one year and worked 1,250 hours, and the employer must have at least fifty (50) employees.
Leigh Law Fights for Equality
From discrimination to FMLA to reasonable accommodation issues, don't allow employers to take advantage of you or treat you in a manner that is against the law. If you have been discriminated against or lost your job on the basis of race, religion, disability, family status, national origin, gender, age, or sexual orientation… let Leigh Law Roar to the Rescue!